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Bibliography Series - Political Research Associates

Post WWII Neofascism In Europe:

Contemporary Manifestations, and Resurgent Period



Anti-Fascist Forum, ed., My Enemy's Enemy: Essays on Globalization, Fascism, and the Struggle Against Capitalism, second edition. (No city listed: by the author, 2001);

Don Hamerquist, "Fascism & Anti-Fascism," Confronting Fascism: Discussion Documents for a Militant Movement (Chicago: ARA Chicago, 2002), 15-69;

J. Sakai, "The Shock of Recognition: Looking at Hamerquist's Fascism & Anti-Fascism," Confronting Fascism: Discussion Documents for a Militant Movement (Chicago: ARA Chicago, 2002), 15-69.

J. Sakai, "Aryan Politics & Fighting the W.T.O" in My Enemy's Enemy, ed. Anti-Fascist Forum, 7-24.

J. Sakai, "Q & A About Osama Bin Laden, the Taliban, and the CIA," ARA Research Bulletin 2 (Fall 2002), 11-19.

Loren Goldner, "From National Bolshevism to Ecologism,"(article originally appeared in the Diario de Noticias [Lisbon], Historical Supplement, March 18, 1980), <> (11 September 2002).

Background & Contemporary Manifestation

Aryan Myth: A History of Racist and Nationalist Ideas in Europe by Leon Poliakov. (NY: Basic Books, 1974).

The Beast Reawakens, by Martin A. Lee, (Boston: Little, Brown and Co., 1997).

Black Migrants; White Natives: A Study of Race Relations in Nottingham by Daniel Lawrence. (London, England: Cambridge University Press, 1974).

Born Guilty: Children of Nazi Families by Jean Steinberg and Peter Sichrovsky. (NY: Basic Books, 1988).

The European Right: A Historical Profile by Hans Rogger and Joseph Weber. (Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press, 1965).

The Far Right in Western and Eastern Europe, 2nd edition, by Luciano Cheles, Ronnie Ferguson, and Michalina Vaughan, eds., (New York: Longman Publishing, 1995.

Fascism as a Mass Movement by Mihaly Vajda. (NY: St. Martin's Press, 1976).

Fascism in Britain: A History, 1918-1985 by Richard Thurlow. (Cambridge, Mass.: Basil Blackwell, 1986).

Fascists and Conservatives: The Radical Right and the Establishment in Twentieth Century Europe by Martin Blinkhorn. (London, England: Allen & Unwin, 1991).

Fascists: A Social Psychological View of the National Front, by Michael Billig, (New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1978).

Free to Hate by Paul Hockenos, (NY: Routledge, 1993).

Holocaust and the Neo-Nazi Mythomania by Joseph Billig, Georges Wellers, and Serge Klarsfeld. (NY: The Beate Klarsfeld Foundation, 1978).

Immigrant Labor and Racial Conflict in Industrial Societies: The French and British Experience, 1945)1975 by Gary P. Freeman. (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1979).

Inside the League: The Shocking Expose of How Terrorists, Nazis and Latin American, Death Squads Have Infiltrated the World Anti-Communist League, by Scott Anderson and Jon Lee Anderson, (New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1986).

The National Front by Nigel Fielding. (London, England: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1981).

The National Front in English Politics by Stan Taylor. (London, England: MacMillan; NY: Holmes & Meier, 1982).

Nationalism, Ethnocentrism, and Personality: Social Science and Critical Theory by Hugh D. Forbes. (Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press, 1985).

The Nature of the Right: American and European Politics and Political Thought Since 1789, by Roger Eatwell and Noel O'Sullivan, eds., (Boston: Twayne Publishers, 1989).

The New Reich by Michael Schmidt, trans. Daniel Horch, (NY: Pantheon Books, 1993).

New Right Discourse on Race & Sexuality, by Anna Marie Smith, (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1994).

New Right, New Racism: Race and Reaction in the United States and Britain, by Amy Ansell, (New York: NYU Press, 1997).

Racial Exclusion and the City: The Urban Support of the National Front by Christopher T. Husbands. (London, England: Allen & Unwin, 1983).

Radical Right-wing Populism in Western Europe, by Hans-Georg Betz, (New York: St. Martins Press, 1994).

Right-Wing Terrorism in Europe by Bruce Hoffman. (Santa Monica, Calif.: Rand Corporation, 1982).

The Social Basis of European Fascist Movements, by Detlef Muhlberger, editor. (London, England: Croom Helm; NY: Methuen, 1987). Essays on postwar support for fascist movements in Germany, the United Kingdom, Scandinavia, Germany, France, Austria, Belgium, Netherlands, Spain, Portugal, and Eastern Europe.

"Ur-Fascism" [Eternal Fascism], by Umberto Eco, New York Review of Books, June 22, 1995.

Voegelin On the Idea of Race: An Analysis of Modern European Racism by Thomas W. Heilke. (Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Louisiana State University Press, 1990).

Warrant for Genocide: The Myth of the Jewish World Conspiracy and the Protocols of the Elders of Zion, by Norman Cohn, (London: Serif, 1996 (1967)).

Resurgence of Neofascism 1982-1992


Antisemitism and the Right in France by Zeev Sternhell. (Jerusalem, Israel: Shazar Library, Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1988).

Is God a Racist?: The Right Wing in Canada by Stanley R. Barrett. (Toronto, Ont.: University of Toronto Press, 1987).

The Nazi Legacy: Right)Wing Extremism in Postwar Germany by Rand C. Lewis. (NY: Praeger, 1991).

The Neo-Nazis: The Threat of the Hitler Cult by Jerry Bornstein. (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Julian Messner, 1987).

Neither Right Nor Left: Fascist Ideology in France by Zeev Sternhell. (Jerusalem, Israel: Shazar Library, Vidal Sassoon International Center for the Study of Antisemitism, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1986).

Right-Wing Political Currents in Our Time: A Latin American Viewpoint by Cristian Buchrucker. (Amherst, Mass.: University of Massachusetts, Latin American Studies Program, Paper #26, 1990).


"Right Turn," by Peter Jensen, in NEW STATESMAN & SOCIETY, June 30, 1989, p. 13. Neo)fascism in West Germany by political groups, racist groups, and youth groups.

"The Political Geography of Belgian Fascism: The Case of Rexism," by William Brustein, in AMERICAN SOCIOLOGICAL REVIEW, February, 1988, p. 69+.

"No Immigrants Need Apply," by David Lawday, in U.S. NEWS & WORLD REPORTS, Dec. 9, 1991, p. 46+. Multi-country survey.

"Coming Into the Open: Neo)Fascism Hot and Cool," by Eliahu Salpeter, in THE NEW LEADER, Dec. 1, 1980, p. 5+.

"The Rise of the New-Right Terrorists: Violence Spawns Suspicions of a Fascist Internationale," by Graham Clark, in WORLD PRESS REVIEW, Dec., 1980, p. 37+.

"Are the Times Right?: Economic Problems and Social Tension," by Paul Wilkinson, in WORLD PRESS REVIEW, Dec., 1980, p. 42. Are the times right for a new growth of fascism brought on by times that are parallel to those that spawned the Nazis?

"Anatomy of a Movement: An Interlocking Underground Pushes Toward the Surface," in WORLD PRESS REVIEW, Dec., 1980, p. 38+.

"The 'Black International', Eurofascism ) The Wave of the Past," by Christopher Hitchens, in THE NATION, Nov. 29, 1980, p. 567+.

"A Wave of Neo-Nazi Terror," in NEWSWEEK, Oct. 13, 1980, p. 71.

"Fascism in France and the Strange Case of the Croix de Feu," by William D. Irvine, in THE JOURNAL OF MODERN HISTORY, June, 1991, p. 271+.

"French Fascism, Both Right and Left: Reflections on the Sternhell Controversy," by Robert Wohl, in THE JOURNAL OF MODERN HISTORY, March, 1991, p. 91+.

"Bernanos, Drumont and the Rise of French Fascism," by John Hellman, in THE REVIEW OF POLITICS, Summer, 1990, p. 441+.

"The Resistible Rise of Jean-Marie Le Pen," by Daniel Singer, in THE NATION, Sept. 7, 1985, p. 172+.

"French Anti-Semitism: Exceptional Events?," by Linda M. Delloff, in THE CHRISTIAN CENTURY, Oct. 22, 1980, p. 997. Protest against the bombing of a synagogue.

"Neo-Nazi Menace: Germans Try to Stem Right)Wing Attacks Against Foreigners; But Fears of Immigrant Influx Win the Skinhead Youths Significant Public Backing; Police Raid Homes in 32 Cities," by Frederick Kempe, in THE WALL STREET JOURNAL, Dec. 4, 1991, p. A1+.

"Behind the German Neo-Nazi Phenomenon," by Joyce M. Mushaben, in THE CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR, Nov. 18, 1991, p. 19.

"The Neo-Nazis: How Quickly They Remember," by Stephen Kinzer, in THE NEW YORK TIMES, Nov 17, 1991, p. E1.

"The Fires of Hatred," by Daniel Benjamin, in TIME MAGAZINE, Oct. 14, 1991, p. 37. Attacks launched against foreigners of color by Germany neo-Nazis.

"The Violent Rise of Hitler's New Youth: Neo-Nazis Gain From Disillusionment in the East," in WORLD PRESS REVIEW, Aug., 1991, p. 22.

"The Dark Side of the Wall," by Paul Hockenos, in NEW STATESMAN & SOCIETY, Jan. 12, 1990, p. 16. Neo)Fascism in East Germany.

"Blitzkrieg by the Ultra-Right: Protest Votes Give Xenophobic Extremists a Strong Showing," by Jill Smolowe, in TIME MAGAZINE, Feb. 13, 1989, p. 47. West German Neo-Nazi groups in election.

"The Myth of Fairness: Racial Violence in Britain," by Colin Holmes, in HISTORY TODAY, Oct., 1985, p.41. The historical roots of contemporary anti)immigrant feeling.

"Evil of Banality," editorial in, THE NATION, June 21, 1986, p. 843+. On Kurt Valdheim's victory in Austria's presidential elections.

"Romania a Year Later: The Winter of Our Discontent," by Paul Hockenos, in THE NATION, Jan. 7, 1991, p. 14+.

"Anarchy in the Ukraine," by Tom Roberts, in NEW STATESMAN & SOCIETY, Nov. 15, 1991, p. 16.

"Spain Curbs Nazi Group," in THE NEW YORK TIMES, Nov. 17, 1991, p. 3.

"Swastikas in Spain," by Ruth MacKay, in THE PROGRESSIVE, July, 1981, p. 14+.

"Worried That a Sleeping Ogre Could Awaken," by Paul Bendelow, in TIMES EDUCATIONAL SUPPLEMENT, Aug. 3, 1990, p. 9. On German youth turning to right)wing extremism.

"Mussolini's Sons, Hitler's Nephews: 'Bad Seeds' of Europe's Bourgeoisie," by Claudio S. Fioretti, in WORLD PRESS REVIEW, Dec., 1980, p. 40+.

"Klan Capitalizing on German Tensions: American Organizes Burning of a Cross Near Berlin," by Stephen Kinzer, in THE NEW YORK TIMES, Nov. 3, 1991, Sec. 1, p. 4+. Oklahoma KKK member Dennis Mahon travels to Germany.

"The Growing Danger of Hate Groups," by Mary Cooper, in EDITORIAL RESEARCH REPORTS, May 12, 1989, p. 262. On American and European hate groups, e.g. White Aryan Resistance.

"Killers on the Right: Inside Europe's Fascist Underground," by Martin A. Lee and Kevin Coogan, in MOTHER JONES MAGAZINE, May, 1987, p. 40+.

"Two Arrested in Austria are Called Neo-Nazis," in THE NEW YORK TIMES, Jan. 19, 1992, Sec. 1, p. 4. Two members of the "Defense Sport Club Trenck" were arrested for planning to overthrow the Austrian government.

"Skinhead Mayhem," in TIME MAGAZINE, Nov. 28, 1988, p. 29.

"Nazi Software: The Ultimate Virus," in NEWSWEEK MAGAZINE, Jan. 23, 1989, p. 32. Fascism computer games.

"Skinhead Nation," by Jeff Coplon, in ROLLING STONE MAGAZINE, Dec. 1, 1988, p. 54+. Mostly about U.S. skinheads.

Prepared in part by by Friedom Research

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