The Roots of the Leaderless Resistance Concept

The Beam Versions 1983 & 1992

Louis Beam is a White supremacist and former Ku Klux Klan leader tied to neonazi and race hate organizing in the United States. Beam is often credited with the development of the concept of Leaderless Resistance, but in both vesions of the essay he published in 1983 and again in 1992, he clearly stated that the concpt was originated by Amoss. Beam, however, dates the Amoss essay as being published in 1962, when its first appearance was in 1953.

Beam cannot recall when or where he first saw the Amoss essay, and complains that his files were seized by the FBI so it is impossible for him to check his records. [interview]

Beam published the newsletters the Inter-Klan Newsletter & Survival Alert and the Seditionist.


It was in the the Inter-Klan Newsletter & Survival Alert that Beam proposed an international computer network linking White supremacists in 1984. Although Beam is often credited with launching the first online race hate communications system, it was Dietz whose system went online first, in early 1984, and perhaps as early as late 1983. Read it Here!.

Beam played a role in the development of the armed citizens militia movement in the early 1990s, but did not develop the concept of Leaderless Resistance for the Militias, a movement that overlapped with the organized White Supremacist movement, but according to most scholars, was distinct and independent from it.


Louis Beam, "Leaderless Resistance," Inter-Klan Newsletter & Survival Alert, undated, circa May 1983, pages not numbered. On file at Political Research Associates.


Beam republished his version of Leaderless Resistance in 1992 in the Seditionist.

Louis Beam, "Leaderless Resistance," The Seditionist, 12 (February 1992);pp. 12-13. Text at

Leaderless Counterterrorism Strategy:
The “War on Terror,” Civil Liberties, and Flawed Scholarship

The Public Eye Magazine. Read it Here!






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