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Antichrist: A world leader in the end times who attempts
to forge a one world government and global religion but is revealed as
Satanic agent who wages war at Armageddon against the faithful Christians.
His appearance is a sign of the times.
Anti-elite scapegoating (or anti-elite conspiracism): a form of conspiracism
that targets groups seen as sinister elites abusing their power from above.
While it sometimes attacks some actual members of the elite, anti-elite scapegoating
fails to analyze the underlying systems of power and oppression. Instead, it
blames social problems on the subjective actions of small groups who are seen
as an alien force distorting the normal workings of society. Countersubersive
scapegoating: a form of conspiracism that targets groups portrayed as subversives
trying to overturn the established order from below or from within. Countersubversive
scapegoating often demonizes anti-oppression struggles and plays on people's
fears of disorder, violence, invasion, and moral collapse.
Antisemitism: A durable and unique historic and contemporary form of
prejudice or demonization appearing at various times based on perceptions of
religion, ethnicity, and race. In the U.S., Christian supremacist notions created
systems of oppression that kept Jews in a second-class status until after WWII.
While institutionalized antisemitism as a form of oppression is no longer a
major force, prejudice and demonization remain. Although Jews are actually
a diverse ethnoreligious group, their biased critics often project on them
a racial identity that has motivated intimidation and violence.
Apocalypticism: The belief in an approaching confrontation, cataclysmic
event, or transformation of epochal proportion, about which a select few have
forewarning so they can make appropriate preparations. From a Greek root word
suggesting unveiling hidden information or revealing secret knowledge about
unfolding human events. The dualist or demonized version involves
a final show-down struggle between absolute good and absolute evil. In Christianity
there are competing apocalyptic prophetic traditions based on demonization
or liberation. Central to Christianity, the tradition also exists in Judaism,
Islam, and other religions and secular belief structures. Believers can be
passive or active in anticipation; and optimistic or pessimistic about the
outcome. Sometimes used similarly to the term millenarianism.
Armageddon: The location in the Middle East where there is a final
showdown between the Christian forces of good and the forces of evil commanded
by the Antichrist. According to Revelation, three frog-like demons pop
out of the mouth of a satanic dragon and provoke this huge battle involving
troops from Gog and Magog. Modern eschatological interpretation attempts
to figure out what countries represent Gog and Magog since their conflict is
a sign of the times.
Babylon: A symbol in Christianity of all that
is sinful. During the Tribulations, a woman dressed in purple
and scarlet appears riding a great beast representing the false religion
of the Antichrist. This whore of Babylon commits adultery and
enjoys excessive luxuries with the corrupt rulers. God triumphs over
the beast, and punishes those who have refused to repent, with special
attention to merchants in the cities who have profited from those who
followed the Antichrist. When Babylon has fallen, the faithful
Bigotry: The rigid intolerance of ideas or persons seen as different.
Business conflict: An approach to political analysis that focuses
on structural divisions within the business community (based on industry,
region, type of company, and other factors) to explain political conflict.
Business conflict analysis argues that an economic elite dominates politics
and society under capitalism and is united in its commitment to that
system, but this elite contains many competing interests and factions
that disagree on important political issues. Business conflict analysis
helps to explain elite participation in right-wing populist movements
and other mass-based initiatives.
Centrist/Extremist Theory: This theory marginalizes
populist dissidents as dangerous irrational people whose sociopathology
can best be explained as a form of psychological dysfunction. Their grievances
and demands need not be taken seriously. Law enforcement can break up
any criminal conspiracies by these subversive radicals who threaten the
social order. Centrist/extremist theory portrays the U.S. political system
as a vital center of pragmatism, rationality, and tolerance threatened
by lunatic fringe, paranoid extremists of the Left and the Right. Centrist/extremist
theory falsely lumps together movements for greater equality and democracy
with movements that reinforce oppression. The theory also hides the fact
that right-wing bigotry and scapegoating are firmly rooted in the mainstream
social and political order, and obscures the rational choices and partially
legitimate grievances that help to fuel right-wing populist movements.
Centrist/extremist theory is the dominant model used by government agencies,
mass media, and major human rights groups to portray right-wing movements,
and was first developed by anticommunist liberals in the 1950s. The centrist/extremist
model favors labels such as “extremist groups,” “radical right,” “lunatic
fringe,” “religious political extremists,” or “wing nuts.” Sometimes
called the Pluralist School (Political Science) or the Classical School
(Sociology). Extremism was a concept favored by centrist/extremist scholars
of the classical or pluralist school (Bell, 1955; Forster, and Epstein,
1956; Bell, 1963; Forster and Epstein, 1964; Hofstadter, 1965; Epstein
and Forester, 1967; Lipset and Raab, 1970).
Chiliasm: The belief that the righteous remnant who remain
faithful will enjoy their anticipated rewards on earth. In Christianity,
that the faithful will receive salvation and live on earth for 1,000
years under the reign of the returned Christ. See pre-millennialism.
Christian Identity: See, Identity
Christian Nationalism: The idea that America is the redeemer
nation and thus should uphold Christian principles.
Classical School (Sociology): See Centrist/Extremist Theory.
Conspiracism: A form of scapegoating that portrays the enemy
as part of a vast insidious plot against the common good. Conspiracism
assigns tiny cabals of evildoers a superhuman power to control events,
frames social conflict as part of a transcendent struggle between Good
and Evil, and makes leaps of logic, such as guilt by association, in
analyzing evidence. Often employs common fallacies of logic in analyzing
factual evidence to assert connections, causality, and intent that are
nonexistent. A distinct narrative form of scapegoating, conspiracism
uses demonization to justify constructing the scapegoats as wholly evil
while reconstructing the scapegoater as a hero. Sees secret plots by
tiny cabals of evildoers as the major motor powering important historical
Countersubversion – Seeking to ferret out, expose, and neutralize
people, groups, movements, or ideas deemed subversive. See Scapegoating.
Demagogues: Charismatic leaders willing to use
emotionally-manipulative appeals coupled with simplistic and subjective
explanations to mobilize constituencies with unresolved anger and frustration
in times of societal stress. Demagogues often use anti-democratic techniques
including prejudice, dehumanization, demonization, scapegoating,
Demonization: Portraying a person or group as totally malevolent,
sinful, or evil--perhaps even in league with Satan. A precursor to scapegoating
and conspiracism which encourages discrimination and violence against
the target. Acts as a form of dehumanization or objectification. Demonization
involves marginalization (using propaganda and prejudice to set people
outside the circle of wholesome mainstream society) and dehumanization
(negatively labeling the targeted persons so they become perceived more
as objects than as real people).
Discrimination: A set of actions or methodology that denies equal
treatment to a targeted group. Discrimination can appear in three forms:
Individual, Institutional, and Structural. (Pincus, 1999: 120-124).
Dispensationalism: A Christian theological scheme developed by
theologian John Nelson Darby that outlined specific historic epochs or
dispensations that are pre-ordained by God. This pre-millennialist view
often encourages the Christian faithful to await salvation while remaining
aloof from sinful secular society since they will be raptured before
Dominionism: The theocratic idea that regardless of theological
view or eschatological timetable, heterosexual Christian men are
called by God to exercise dominion over secular society by taking control
of political and cultural institutions. Competes in Christianity with
the idea of Stewardship, which suggests custodial care rather than absolute
power. Used here in the broader sense, some analysts use the word only
to refer to forms and offshoots of Reconstructionism.
Dualism: A form of binary thinking that divides the world into
good versus evil with no middle ground tolerated. A famous historic dualist
movement was called Manicheaism. In dualism there is no acknowledgment
of complexity, nuance, or ambiguity in debates; and hostility is expressed
toward those who suggest coexistence, toleration, pragmatism, compromise,
End Times: See Eschatology.
Eschatology: The idea that there is an "end time" for the current
historic epoch at which point the forces of evil will be vanquished and
the forces for good rewarded. In Christianity, the study of Biblical prophesy
regarding the end times.
Ethnic Intimidation: Acts of intimidation based on the perception
Ethnoreligious bigotry: Bigotry based on the perception of some
combination of ethnicity and religion.
Ethnoviolence: Acts of violence motivated by prejudice or supremacy.
Extreme Right: Militant insurgent groups that reject democracy,
promote a conscious ideology of supremacy, and support policies that would
negate basic human rights for members of a scapegoated group. These groups
are viewed as insurgent because they “reject the existing political system,
and pluralist institutions generally, in favor of some form of authoritarianism.” (Berlet & Lyons,
Extremist: The term “extremist” is of dubious value and should
be avoided used As sociologist Jerome Himmelstein argues, “At best this
characterization tells us nothing substantive about the people it labels;
at worst it paints a false picture. ” (1998: 7).
False Messiah: See Antichrist.
False Prophet: A world religious leader who attempts to build one
world religion, variously seen as Catholicism, Moon’s Unification movement,
world Communism, the New Age movement, or secular humanism. An ally of
the Antichrist or False Messiah in the end times.
Far Right: The term “Far Right” is used in different ways by different
authors. Some use it to refer to the Hard Right, while others use it to
refer to the Extreme Right. When used, it should be defined. After much
discussion, PRA tries to avoid the term, and the staff is encouraged to
define it when used at all. We are leaning toward using it to refer to
what we call the Hard Right, based on comments by Durham.
Fascism and neofascism: Fascism is an especially virulent form
of far-right populism. Fascism glorifies national, racial, or cultural
unity and collective rebirth while seeking to purge imagined enemies, and
attacks both revolutionary movements and liberal pluralism in favor of
militarized, totalitarian mass politics. Fascism first crystallized in
Europe in response to the Bolshevik Revolution and the devastation of World
War I, and then spread to other parts of the world. If it is a post-WWII
occurrence it should be called neofascist or neofascism unless it solely
involves participants in older movements. Neofascists reinterpret fascist
ideology and strategy in various ways to fit new circumstances.
Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse: Signal the beginning of the Tribulations and
God's judgment of the sinful. They represent the deceptive Antichrist seeking
power (riding a white horse); war, revolution and civil strife (riding
a red horse); natural disasters causing famine (riding a black horse);
and pestilence and death (riding a pale horse). Note that at the end of
Revelation, the real Christ returns riding a white horse. Some Christians
dispute that the rider on the White Horse is the Antichrist.
God: A Supreme being.
Hard Right: An umbrella term used to refer to
groups to the right of the Republican Party in the United States. In
other countries, Hard Right refers to all groups outside the electoral
or parliamentary system. Includes Dissident, Populist, Insurgent, and
Hate Crime: A legal term that describes criminal acts motivated
by prejudice. The term ethnoviolence is a broader term that describes
acts of intimidation whether or not deemed illegal.
Hate Group: The term “hate group” is used to describe any organization
in any sector of society that aggressively demonizes or dehumanizes members
of a scapegoated target group in a systematic way.
Heteropatriarchy: The combination of male supremacy and heterosexual
Heterosexism: An ideology that assumes a hierarchy of human worth
based on the social construction of what is a “normal” sexual identity.
Heterosexism is a form of heterosexual supremacy developed to claim that
sexual relations between men and women are “natural,” while other forms
of sexual expression are unnatural, abnormal, inferior, or sinful. While
heterosexism as a belief system can exist anecdotally among people who
are gay, lesbian, bisexual or transgender (sometimes as a backlash response
to oppression) it is not an equivalent phenomena, and it does not create
oppression. Heterosexism + discrimination + power/privilege = sexuality
oppression. Sometimes the term heterosexism is used to describe the entire
system of oppression based on sexual identity. In this larger context,
heterosexism can refer to forms that are internal, interpersonal, institutional,
or systemic. The term heterosexist ideology describes ideas, while the
term heterosexist discrimination describes acts. See: Oppression.
Homophobia: An aggravated form of heterosexism. Fear of homosexuality.
Identity or Christian Identity: A US derivation of the earlier
British Israelism. Argues that the US is the true Israel and White Christians
are God’s "Chosen People" of the Biblical covenant. Considers modern Jews
and the state of Israel to be hoaxes. In the most virulent form, Jews are
seen as agents of Satan, and people of color are considered "pre-Adamic," thus
pre-human. Denounced as a heresy by Catholicism and virtually every Protestant
denomination and group.
Mark of the Beast: The Satanic mark of the Antichrist, represented
by the number 666. To remain faithful, and thus be saved in
the end times, Christians must reject the mark. Seen variously as a tattoo,
hidden in supermarket bar-codes, woven into new paper currency, or implanted
into the flesh micro-chip. The arrival of the Mark is a sign
of the times. The Beast is sometimes described as having three heads.
Matriarchy: A system of female supremacy.
Messianism: The idea of a chosen one who signals salvation. A herald,
prophet, or avatar who announces access to secret or hidden knowledge or
metaphysical revelation; claims to act on behalf of a greater spiritual
power or public good; confronts leaders with accusations of tyranny, betrayal,
or corruption; and seeks to liberate the oppressed through the significant
transformative renewal of the society or the arrival of a new metaphysical
Millenarianism: A sense of expectation that a significant epochal
transformation is imminent, usually involving apocalyptic events. Sometimes
used similarly to the term apocalypticism.
Millennialism: A sense of expectation that a significant epochal
transformation is imminent, marking either the end of a thousand year period,
or signal its beginning, or both. Two major forms of millennialist response
are passive waiting versus activist intervention. Can involve varying degres
of apocalypticism. In Christianity, the idea that the Second Coming of
Christ marks a thousand year period. Millennialist variations in Christianity
--Pre-millennialism – Belief that Christ returns
at the beginning of a thousand year period of peace and prosperity. Can
foster passivity or intervention.
--Post-millennialism – Belief that Christ returns only after a thousand
years of reign and rule by godly Christian men. Fosters intervention. See Reconstructionism.
--A-millennialism – Belief that Christ’s eventual return cannot be anticipated,
thus de-emphasizing it as a practical immediate consideration. Most a-millennialists
believe that Christ’s return ends history.
--Preterism – Belief that most or all of the millennium mentioned in Revelation
and other books of the Bible already has occurred.
Misogyny: An aggravated form of male sexism. Hatred of women.
Nazism and neonazism: Nazism is a form of fascism developed by
Adolf Hitler's National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and
the state it controlled in Germany and Europe from 1933 to 1945. Nazism
was defined by a doctrine of Aryan racial supremacy, demonization of the
so-called Jewish-Bolshevik conspiracy, a program of German military conquest,
and systematic genocide against Jews and other people considered racial
enemies or racially inferior. Neonazism describes various post-WWII political
doctrines openly or secretly derived from Hitler's ideology, including
Christian Identity, the Third Position, National Alliance, Church of the
Creator, and others.
Nostradmus: A sixteenth century prophet who utilized astrological
charts and visions to write a pre-history of the world making predictions
about events centuries in advance. The text, written in quatrains, is obscure
and ambiguous. There are many published commentaries claiming to unravel
their meaning. One major prediction was the arrival of a great comet. His
predictions do not go beyond the year 2000.
One World Government: In the End Times the Antichrist attempts
to build a One World Government.
One World Religion: In the End Times , an ally of the Antichrist,
the False Prophet, spreads a One World Religion.
Oppression: A systematic form of discrimination
that is generated when institutions or structures in a society maintain
hierarchies of power and privilege that weighs down or subjugates a specific
group. Oppression can be subtle and relatively invisible to the mainstream
society, or it can be “institutionalized in customs and norms, or even
codified in laws” (Berlet & Khan, 2001: 19-20). Racism, sexism, heterosexism,
and classism are the major forms of oppression in the U.S., but there are
others based on ability, language, ethnicity, immigrant status, size, religion,
and more. Oppression is systematic and occurs as the result of a dynamic
process involving ideas, acts, and a hierarchical position of dominance.
This dominance involves both power and privilege. The resulting formula
for oppression is as follows: supremacist ideology + discrimination + power/privilege
= oppression. Oppression as a system is built on a foundation of internal,
interpersonal, and institutional forms of supremacy and subjugation.
Patriarchy: A system of male supremacy.
Pluralist School (Political Science): See Centrist/Extremist Theory.
Populism: A style of organizing that involves an effort to mobilize "the
people" into a social or political movement around some form of anti-elitism.
Populist movements can be on the right, the left, or in the center. They
can be egalitarian or authoritarian, inclusive or exclusionary, forward-looking
or fixated on a romanticized image of the past. They can either challenge
or reinforce systems of oppression.
--Right-wing populist movement: a populist movement
that targets superficial or false symbols of elite power, reinforces systems
of social privilege and oppression, and is built around a backlash against
liberation movements, social reform, or revolution. Right-wing populist
movements feed partly on people's grievances against their own oppression
but deflect that anger away from positive social change. Right-wing populism
is a form of repressive populism.
--Repressive populist movement: a broader category that includes right-wing
populism. Repressive populism combines distorted or fake anti-elitism with
efforts to reinforce systems of oppression, but not all repressive populism
involves an anti-leftist backlash. The term repressive populism helps describing
some movements before the 20th century, such as the Jacksonians, that share
major features with right-wing populism but cannot be clearly classified
Prejudice: The preconceived formation of negative or hostile views
toward a person or group of persons based on ignorance, stereotyping, or
other filter of bigotry. Prejudice can be unconscious or conscious, and
any set of prejudiced ideas may be transformed into an ideological viewpoint.
Producerism: a populist doctrine that champions the so-called producers
in society against both "unproductive" elites (notably bankers) and subordinate
groups defined as lazy or immoral (such as people of color, immigrants,
welfare mothers, and gays). Producerism blurs actual class divisions and
embraces some elite groups while scapegoating others. For example, producerists
often counterpose "productive" industrial capital against "parasitic" finance
capital, a phony distinction closely related to antisemitic attacks on
supposedly parasitic Jews.
Racial Discrimination: According
to the UN International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial
Discrimination, the term "racial discrimination" shall mean any distinction,
exclusion, restriction or preference based on race, colour, descent, or
national or ethnic origin which has the purpose or effect of nullifying
or impairing the recognition, enjoyment or exercise, on an equal footing,
of human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social,
cultural or any other field of public life.” Note that the term being defined
is not “racism” but “racial discrimination.” So the UN definition separates
the idea from the act.
Racialism: An ideology that elevates the social construction of
racial difference to a primary place in human relations. While existing
in theory as an ideology that is not supremacist, is rooted in pseudo-scientific
theories of race. It can be used cautiously to point out specific distinctions
and nuance in discussions of race and racism.
Racism: Racism is an ideology that assumes a hierarchy of human
worth based on the social construction of racial difference. Racism as
an ideology was developed to claim superiority of White people over people
of color based on the false idea that race is a fixed and immutable reality.
The overwhelming reality of racism in the U.S. is White supremacy, which
uses racism to rationalize the oppression of people of color. While racism
as a belief system in the U.S. can exist anecdotally among people of color
(sometimes as a backlash response to oppression) it is not an equivalent
phenomena, and it does not create oppression. Racism + discrimination +
power/privilege = racial oppression. The overwhelmingly hegemonic form
of racism in the U.S. is White supremacy, but other forms exist in other
countries. Sometimes the term racism is used to describe the entire system
of racial oppression or aspects of that system. In this larger context,
racism can refer to forms that are internal, interpersonal, institutional,
or systemic. The term racist ideology describes ideas, while the term racial
discrimination describes acts. See: Oppression, Racial
Rapture: In some Christian apocalyptic timetables, the idea
that the collective salvation of the remaining remnant of the Christian
faithful occurs through an ascension into heaven while earth is purged
of evil during the Tribulations through great punishment of those
who rejected Christ in favor of sin. Whether or not Christians then return
to an earth purged of evil is in contention. Not all Christians believe
in a literal rapture. See Chiliasm.
Reconstructionism: The most militant form of Protestant dominionism,
arguing that the US Constitution is merely a codicil to Christian Biblical
law. Rooted in Calvinist theonomy and the idea of America as a Christian
redeemer nation. Sees religion, culture, and nation as an integral unit.
A form of Christian nationalism, Reconstructionism echoes of the European
clerical fascist movements of the 1930s. A post-millennial view urging
militant Christian intervention in secular society since faithful men must
reign and rule for a thousand years before Christ returns. Has no connection
whatsoever with Jewish Reconstructionism.
Religious bigotry: Bigotry based on the perception of religion
targeting Jews, Muslims, Hindus, Catholics, and other faith-based groups.
Remnant: In some Christian apocalyptic timetables, the idea
that in the end times or after the Tribulations there will
still be a righteous remnant of faithful Christians.
Repression: A subset of oppression, repression occurs when public
or private institutions—such as law enforcement agencies or vigilante groups--use
arrest, physical coercion, or violence to subjugate a specific group.
Scapegoating: blaming a person or group
wrongfully for some problem, especially for other people's misdeeds. Scapegoating
deflects people's anger and grievances away from the real causes of a social
problem onto a target group demonized as malevolent wrongdoers. The problem
may be real or imaginary, the grievances legitimate or illegitimate, and
members of the targeted group may be wholly innocent or partly culpable.
The scapegoats are wrongfully stereotyped as all sharing the same negative
trait or are singled out for blame while other major culprits are let off
--Anti-elite scapegoating (or anti-elite conspiracism):
a form of conspiracism that targets groups seen as sinister elites abusing
their power from above. While it sometimes attacks some actual members
of the elite, anti-elite scapegoating fails to analyze the underlying systems
of power and oppression. Instead, it blames social problems on the subjective
actions of small groups who are seen as an alien force distorting the normal
workings of society.
--Countersubersive scapegoating: a form of conspiracism that targets groups
portrayed as subversives trying to overturn the established order from
below or from within. Countersubversive scapegoating often demonizes anti-oppression
struggles and plays on people's fears of disorder, violence, invasion,
and moral collapse.
Sexism: An ideology that assumes a hierarchy of human worth based
on the social construction of gender difference Sexism was developed to
claim superiority of men over women, based on the idea that “natural” gender
norms are a fixed and immutable reality. The overwhelming reality of sexism
in the U.S. is male supremacy, which uses sexism to rationalize the oppression
of women. While sexism as a belief system in the U.S. can exist anecdotally
among women (sometimes as a backlash response to oppression) it is not
an equivalent phenomena, and it does not create oppression. Sexism + discrimination
+ power/privilege = gender oppression. Sometimes the term sexism is used
to describe the entire system of gender oppression. In this larger context,
sexism can refer to forms that are internal, interpersonal, institutional,
or systemic. The term sexist ideology describes ideas, while the term gender
discrimination describes acts. See: Oppression.
Signs of the Times: A phrase used to highlight the possibility
that a specific worldly event may fulfill a Biblical prophesy and thus
be a signal of the end times when faithful Christians are expected
to engage in appropriate (and highly contested) preparations. Wars, earthquakes,
comets, social unrest, and examples of sinful immorality are commonly interpreted
as signs. Christian Biblical prophesy in Revelation, Ezekiel, and Daniel,
generate contemporary interpretations by authors such as Hal Lindsey, Billy
Graham, Timothy LaHaye and others.
Social Movement Theory (Sociology): There have been a number of
shifts and innovations in social movement theory over the past thirty years
(Buechler, 2000: 3-57; Garner & Tenuto, 1997:1-48). Smith notes that
in the 1970s there was “a decisive pendulum-swing away from “classical” theories
toward the view of social movements as rational, strategically calculating,
politically instrumental phenomena,”(1997: 3). Rogin (1967) and the authors
in Schoenberger (1969) raised early questions about centrist/extremist
theory, and the list quickly grew long (Curry & Brown, 1972, pp. vii–xi;
Canovan, 1981: 46–51 179–190; Ribuffo, 1983: 237–257; Himmelstein, 1990:
1–5, 72–76, 152–164; Diamond, 1995: 5–6, 40–41; Kazin, 1995:190–193). Hixson
summarized many of these complaints (1992: 10–48, 77–123, 273–292). Since
the late 1980s, there have been numerous books that use post-classical
theories to analyze the Far Right (Diamond, 1989; Aho, 1990; Blee, 1991;
Barkun, 1994; Hamm, 1994; Diamond, 1995; Corcoran, 1995; Ezekiel, 1995;
Lamy, 1996; Hamm, 1997; Dobratz & Shanks-Miehle, 1997; Ferber, 1998;
Berlet & Lyons, 2000; Blee, 2002). Dobratz and Shanks-Meile have synthesized
many approaches and argue that the study of right-wing movements requires
consideration of “socioeconomic conditions, changing political opportunities,
resources, consciousness, labeling, framing, interpretations of reality,
boundaries, and negotiation of the meaning of symbols,” (1997:32).
Social Movement: A dissident mass movement that seeks to transform
society and challenge existing power relationships by means other than
(but often including) the political electoral process. Social movements
are frequently confrontational, but they do not necessarily resort to violence.
Many social movements are essentially reformist, while some are insurgent
or even revolutionary. Dissident groups generally still hope for the reform
of the existing system, even when their reforms are drastic, and the dissidents
are dubious their goals will be reached.
Supremacy: a set of beliefs whereby one group is deemed superior
to another and thus justified in assuming a dominant hierarchical relationship.
Prejudice facilitates supremacy, but they are distinct, though linked,
phenomena. Racism, sexism, heterosexism, and antisemitism are the major
forms of supremacy in the U.S., but there are others based on ability,
language, ethnicity, immigrant status, size, religion, and more.
Survivalism: An apocalyptic view with both Christian and
secular proponents who gather and store large supplies of food, water,
medical supplies, and usually weapons and precious metals, in anticipation
of an impending economic collapse, social unrest, or the Tribulations.
Sometimes survivalists withdraw to remote locations or form small communities
for mutual self-defense. Some Christian fundamentalist survivalists believe
to avoid the Mark of the Beast they must live apart from secular
society for a period of up to 42 months.
Theocracy: A system where the only appropriate political leaders
are persons who see themselves as devoted to carrying out the will of God
as interpreted by a common religion.
Theonomy: A system where the civil government, the church, and
the family, are ruled under Biblical law by Christian leaders carrying
out the will of God.
Tribulations – In some Christian apocalyptic timetables,
the idea that the end times bring great troubles such as wars, plagues,
and famine that can last as long as seven years. Variation include:
--Pre-Tribulationism – The faithful remnant are
saved before the troubles.
--Mid-Tribulationism – The faithful remnant are saved after experiencing
some but not all of the troubles.
--Post-Tribulationism – The faithful remnant are saved after experiencing
all of the troubles.
White Separatism: A developing tendency emerging from White supremacy
that seeks the total separation of the races, rather than the segregation
or expulsion of people of color. White separatists generally claim to be “racialists” rather
than “racists,” but almost invariably hold White supremacist views while
claiming to desire racially separate nation states based on mutual respect
for racial difference.
White supremacy: The term is used in various ways to describe a
set of beliefs; organized White hate groups; or a system of racial oppression
that benefits White people. As an ideology, it is the belief that the socially
constructed “White race” is superior to other “races.” As a system, White
supremacy in the U.S. is maintained when White people defend, deny, or
ignore the reality of the continued systematic subordination and oppression
of people of color. White supremacy is the most powerful form of racism
in the US, and it has two major forms: racism by Whites used to justify
the oppression of people of color; and the racialized construct of antisemitism
in which Jews are falsely claimed to be a distinct non-White race, and
are then deemed a sinister race.
Xenophobia: Fear of or distaste for people, ideas, or customs thought
to be strange or foreign.
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