Are there Echoes of Fascism
in Certain Militant Islamic Groups?
There are at least three sets of arguments coming from different sectors:
- Serious scholars and intellectuals debating the issue
- Political Activists using the claim as a propaganda tool
- Religious bigots using the claim to demonize Islam
Religious bigots using the claim to demonize Islam
This usually involves a portion of conservative Christian evangelicals
and fundamentalists in the United States who promote Christian
Zionism in a way that stereotypes Muslims.
Paul Boyer, "John Darby Meets Saddam Hussein: Foreign Policy and
Bible Prophecy," Chronicle of Higher Education , supplement, February
14, 2003, pp. B 10-B11.
For background on Bush, Bible prophecy, and apocalyptic rhetoric, see:
Religion, Apocalypse, and Middle East Foreign Policy
By Chip Berlet and Nikhil Aziz
- Matthew Rothschild, "Bush's Messiah Complex," The
Progressive, February 2003, pp. 8-10, online at online at www.progressive.org/feb03/comm0203.html;
- Andrew Austin, "Faith Matters: George Bush and Providence," online
essay, http://www.publiceye.org/apocalyptic/bush-2003/austin-providence.html (November
- Bill Berkowitz, "Bush's Faith-Filled Life," online column, Working
for Change , November 5, www.workingforchange.com/article.cfm?ItemID=15937 (November
Political Activists using the claim as a propaganda tool
President Bush, Christopher Hitchens, the neoconservatives, and the
folks at National Review find themselves as strange bedfellows here.
Serious scholars and intellectuals debating the issue
Walter Laqueur was a among the first serious scholars of fascism to
make this argument in a book discussing fascism.
Laqueur, Walter. 1996. Fascism: Past, Present, Future. New York: Oxford:
Oxford University Press. See pp. 174-178.
This and other matters are discussed by Terms
and Concepts: Use with Caution, including sections on Islamophobia & Arabophobia,
Terrorism, Fundamentalism, Neofascism, Clerical Fascism, Theocratic
and Apocalyptic Demonization. These thoughts were expanded in:
Chip Berlet. (2005). “When Alienation Turns Right: Populist Conspiracism,
the Apocalyptic Style, and Neofascist Movements.” In Lauren Langman & Devorah
Kalekin Fishman, (eds.), Trauma, Promise, and the Millennium: The Evolution
of Alienation. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.
_______. (2004) Christian Identity: The Apocalyptic Style, Political
Religion, Palingenesis and Neo-Fascism. Totalitarian Movements and Political
Religions, Vol. 5, No. 3, (Winter), special issue on Fascism as a Totalitarian
_______. (2003). “Terminology: Use with Caution.” Fascism.
Vol. 5, Critical Concepts in Political Science, Roger Griffin and Matthew
Feldman, eds. New York, NY: Routledge.
Related offsite links
Pages on Wikipedia can change in a flash, and there were a flurry of
highly biased edits to some of these pages following a speech by President
Bush in August of 2006 where he linked Islam and fascism. The
following links are to specific versions of entries that have been
and Religion (see section on Islam)
"Islamofascism:" the term
Left debates that offer complicated theoretical discussions of militant
Islamic groups and neofascism: